Philadelphia Warehousing and Cold Storage

Philadelphia Warehousing and Cold Storage

An icon of Philadelphia’s industrial history closes

Philly Cold Building C, eastern face.
Building C, eastern face.

Approaching Philadelphia’s Delaware Avenue from the west on Spring Garden Street, the building is unmistakable — not merely due to its scale, but also because of its monolithic appearance. A solid, windowless brick facade, roughly half a block on each side, standing 120 feet tall. Rounding Delaware Avenue and turning south, two similarly massive, largely windowless, buildings come into view. Behind, a tall chimney looms, attached to a more modest, yet still striking, two-story structure.

It would all seem eerily mysterious were it not for the identification proudly painted across the crown of the buildings: Philadelphia Warehousing & Cold Storage Company. Informally known as Philly Cold, the company boasts a nearly 150-year history which has recently come to an end.

Where the Philly Cold buildings now stand, the 1865 Barnes Map of Philadelphia shows railroad stations on either side of what was once Beach Street: the Philadelphia and Reading station to the east between Beach and Delaware, and the North Pennsylvania Railroad station to the west between Front and Beach.

Philly Cold Building B loading dock.
Building B loading dock where train tracks formerly ran.

The railroad infrastructure would prove valuable when the Philadelphia Warehousing and Cold Storage established its presence there.

Incorporated on April 20, 1873 as the Mercantile Warehouse Company, the firm changed its name to The Philadelphia Warehousing and Cold Storage Company on September 28, 1889.

A July 3, 1890, ordinance approved a siding from the tracks of the North Pennsylvania Railroad on Front Street “running into the property of the Philadelphia Warehousing and Cold Storage Company, to the west side of Beach street, thence crossing Beach street into other property of the Philadelphia Warehousing and Cold Storage Company thence crossing Delaware avenue, in order to connect their Cold Storage Warehouses on the west side of Delaware avenue and east side of Beach street and their wharf tracks of the aforesaid company.”

The July 1891 edition of Ice and Refrigeration (“The national magazine of industrial refrigeration”) describes company’s “immense enterprise”:

Fronting the Delaware river at Noble street, at the very center of the shipping industries in Philadelphia, there has just been completed the huge and towering main building of the Philadelphia Warehousing and Cold Storage Co., an imposing structure of massive design, eight stories in height, having a frontage on both Delaware avenue and Beach street of 125 feet, a depth of 150 feet, and a total height of 120 feet.

On Beach street, opposite the main building, and in harmony with it in general design, is a second structure, in which are located the refrigerating machines, condensers, boilers, pumps, distilling apparatus, and other machinery to complete the refrigerating plant, as well as a duplicate electrical light and power plant for 1,200 incandescent and arc lights. This building is 65×140 feet, and two stories in height, with a gabled roof and ventilator tower, having an octagonal chimney stack 175 feet in height.

The 1895 Atlas of the City of Philadelphia published by G.W. Bromley shows the Cold Storage Warehouse between Beach St and Delaware Ave, adjoining a Salt Warehouse to the north. Across Beach stands an unidentified “storage” building, likely the Philly Cold Power House. The train sidings to the loading dock of the south side of the main building are clearly shown, abutting a wooden structure that covers the dock.

Early illustration showing the Philly Col Power House and Building A.
Early illustration showing the Power House (left) and Building A (right).

A Warren-Ehret Company photo shows the buildings around the turn of the century, looking northwest from Delaware Ave. An illustration from the period shows a similar scene from an elevated view looking toward the northeast. Both show original storage building (now known as “Building A”) with the wooden shed covering the loading dock with the rail siding still in the open. Across Beach St is the two-story Power House and the smokestack tower still visible today.

The Philly Cold brine pipe from the Power House to Building A.
An overhead pipe transports chilled brine from the Power House to Building A.

The 1910 Bromley Atlas of the City of Philadelphia shows all the major structures seen today. Attached to the original Cold Storage Warehouse (“Building A”) is a brick structure (now called “Building B”) that covers the railroad siding. The large building between Beach and Front (“Building C”) is also shown, attached to the smaller Power House to the south, the two jointly labeled “Phila Warehouse Co.”

Over the years, the company upgraded the structures and their facilities.

The Jan. 1915 edition of the Bulletin of the American Warehousemen’s Association [Vol. XVI (16) No. 179] notes “The Philadelphia and Cold Storage Company are engaged in the erection of an addition to their power plant building, consisting of one steel and brick addition 23×24 ft. and one 17×23 ft.”

Frick ammonia compressors in the Philly Cold Power House.
Frick ammonia compressors in the Power House.

The August-September, 1950 issue of the Frick Company’s Frick System publication highlighted the installation of new ammonia compressors. While noting “the recent War delayed the‚Ķmodernization of the refrigerating equipment,” the publication proudly announced the installation of four new Frick compressors “connected to a battery of four large shell-and-tube brine coolers.”

"Our Flag Unfurled" by Meg Saligman on the south side of Building B.
“Our Flag Unfurled” by Meg Saligman on the south side of Building B.

To many contemporary Philadelphians the facility is known principally for Meg Saligman’s enormous 6,000 square foot mural, “Our Flag Unfurled,” that adorns the south-facing wall of Building B. Created in 2001, in the wake of the 9/11 attacks, Philadelphia’s Mural Arts program describes the work as “intended to appear slightly sad, as if unfurling down the side of the building.”

Philadelphia Warehousing and Cold Storage continued providing 335,000 square feet of refrigerated and dry storage space until July 8, 2019. On that date, the ammonia compressors in the Power House were turned off and chilled brine stopped flowing to the cold storage chambers. As the ice that coated the cooling coils melted, water rained down on the storage structures’ loading docks.

On October 16, 2019 the property was sold to 500 NCCB FEE LLC for $12,000,000.

Interior demolition and the removal of equipment is currently underway. The future of the structures and American flag mural is uncertain.

For additional photos, see the Flickr album Philadelphia Warehousing & Cold Storage:

Montage of photos of Philadelphia Warehousing and Cold Storage ("Philly Cold").

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